How do I recognize a cockroach?

The most common cockroach in Canada is the German Cockroach. It has a flattened oval body with long spiny legs and measures 15 mm (3/4″) when fully grown. Both male and female are winged. Colour is light brown with two dark brown stripes running lengthwise on the thorax (middle section).

Do cockroaches cause damage?

No. The presence of cockroaches is not normally associated with damage to buildings or vegetation.

Are cockroaches hazardous to humans?

Yes. Cockroaches are second only to house flies in spreading disease. Because of their movements through various habitats, including refuse heaps and sewers. They are capable of transmitting diseases to man, including salmonella bacteria (food poisoning), polio and many forms of viruses.

What attracts cockroaches?

Cockroaches are attracted to food, water, warmth and shelter. They will eat anything and are particularly attracted to starchy foodstuffs.

When are cockroaches most common?

Cockroaches are active year-round.

When am I most likely to see cockroaches?

Cockroaches are nocturnal and are most active at night. Any sudden light will cause them to scurry for shelter.

Are cockroaches only found under unclean conditions?

No. They can be found under the cleanest conditions, wherever food and warmth are butcher shops, multi-unit residences and homes. Their habitat is around sinks, behind stoves and refrigerators, in drains and cracks.

What are their breeding habits? Do they multiply quickly?

The female cockroach carries an egg capsule containing approximately 40 eggs which she drops prior to hatching. Development from eggs to adults lakes three to four months and cockroaches live up to a year. The female may produce up to eight egg cases in her lifetime. An infestation of cockroaches can number in the thousands.

Do cockroaches die off in cold months?

No. These hardy and very adaptable insects are primarily indoor pests and infestations are not affected by outside temperature.

Can I do anything to prevent a cockroach infestation?

Although little can be done to prevent an infestation, the practice of good sanitation and the elimination of accessible food are ways to minimize the extent of the infestation. Careful inspection of produce or packages entering the home can help to prevent cockroaches from establishing themselves in your building.

If I have an infestation of cockroaches, what can be done to eliminate them?

The elimination of cockroaches is a difficult and time consuming project. Your local PCO Service and Products Centre has several products developed for the control of pests such as the cockroach. Due to the nature of cockroaches, control is a process requiring intensive product knowledge and a professional may need to be consulted for complete elimination.

Please remember all pesticides can be harmful if misused. Follow the label directions carefully.